Sea Creature of the Week: Pinecone Fish

Jul 03 2012

Scientific Name: Monocentris japonica

Home: Indo-Pacific (as far as south as South Africa and as North as Japan)

Physical Characteristics: It has a large, blunt head where the fish’s dorsal fin is placed almost on its head and one in the rear, pointing backwards.

Food: Shrimp and Smaller Fish

Fun Fact: The pinecone fish have built in headlights to search for food at night. Luminous bacteria colonize two organs on the fish’s lower jaw and produce a beam that helps shine a light on its prey.

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